VIRTUAL SURGICAL WARDS

 

FUNDAMENTALS OF SURGERY

Anaesthesia

 

Anaesthesia

Premedication
Anaesthesia - Steps
Complications
ASA Grading
Equipment
   
 
   
   
   
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ASA GRADING

  • American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade is the most commonly used grading system

  • ASA accurately predicts morbidity and mortality

  • 50% of patients presenting for elective surgery are ASA grade 1

 

ASA Grade  

DEFINITION  

MORTALITY %

I

Healthy individual with no systemic disease  

0.05

II

Mild systemic disease not limiting activity

0.4

III

Severe systemic disease that limits activity but is not incapacitating  

4.5

IV

Incapacitating systemic disease which is constantly life-threatening  

25

V

Moribund, not expected to survive 24 hours with or without surgery  

50

 

 

 

Arenal J J,  Bengoechea-Beeby M.  Mortality associated with emergency abdominal surgery in the elderly.  Can J Surg 2003;  46:  111-116.